Magazine LinguistMail.com
Mai 2005 -- N° 14


Dans ce numéro:

1. Comment traduire trois phrases [Anglais]

2. Les verbes irréguliers [Anglais]

3. Un thème de l'actualité [Anglais]

================= RUBRIQUE DE LA REDACTION =================

Rappel : L'ordre des adjectifs en anglais

Retenons l'ordre suivant: TACOM
(Taille, Age, Couleur, Origine, Matière)


Le déplacement d'un de ces adjectifs par rapport à
l'ordre normal aura pour effet de créer une classe

THE ITALIAN RED CAR = allusion à la Ferrari.
au lieu de "the red Italian car"

1. Comment traduire trois phrases

a. trois phrases en anglais

Vous pouvez écouter ces phrases en suivant ce lien:

abandon : abandonner
access to : accès à
have : avoir
he : il
he has : il a
her : son, sa (possesseur féminin)
husband : mari
indicate : indiquer
learn : apprendre
much : beaucoup
no : ne ... pas
not : ne ... pas
room : pièce
she : elle
that : cela
that : que
that indicates that : cela indique que
this : ce, cet, cette
you : tu

- she abandoned her husband
- you have no access to this room
- that indicates that he has not learned much

2. Cinq verbes irréguliers

a. Cinq verbes irréguliers en anglais

Vous pouvez écouter ces verbes en suivant ce lien:

. forget: oublier
  I forgot / I have forgotten

I know you told me, but I forgot.
I'm sorry, I've forgotten your name.

. get: recevoir
  I got / I have gotten (Am.) - got (Br.)

She got loads of presents.
We got a letter from Pam this morning.

. give: donner
  I gave / I have given

I've got some old diaries that my grandmother gave me years ago. A ring which was given to him by his mother.

. go: aller
  I went / I have gone

Dinah went into the kitchen.
I went and spoke to the manager.

. grow: augmenter
  I grew / I have grown

Sales of new cars grew by 10% last year. The number of students at the college has grown from 200 to over 500.

3. Un thème de l'actualité

Pour profiter au maximum du thème, lisez le texte jusqu'à ce que vous en compreniez tous les mots sans regarder le vocabulaire. Ensuite, écoutez le texte mp3 en lisant le texte en même temps. Enfin, écoutez le texte en ne regardant plus le texte. Si vous parvenez à tout comprendre à ce stade, vous êtes "au top". Il s'agit de la phase passive. Le fait d'écouter le texte plusieurs fois vous amènera également à la phase active (c'est-à-dire reproduire vous-même ce que vous avez entendu et compris).

a. L'actualité en anglais

. uneasy: précaire
. warfare: lutte
. to take the plunge: se jeter à l'eau
. to shatter: démolir, détruire
. to seize: s'emparer de, saisir
. to split: se scinder
. apart: en pièces, en morceaux
. rampant: déchaîné, effréné
. to flee: s'enfuir, fuir
. utterly: complètement, tout à fait
. to cap: surpasser
. unprecedented: sans précédent
. clash: dispute, différend
. to take a step: prendre une mesure
. to oppose: s'opposer à

Vous pouvez écouter le texte en suivant ce lien:

The tumultuous relationship between the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist party began in the 1920's. The Communists formed in Shanghai in 1921, and there would follow a period of uneasy alliances, and fratricidal warfare.

Mao Tse Tung first took the plunge, under pressure from the Komintern, forming an alliance in 1924 with the nationalists.

But only three years later Chiang Kai-Shek shattered the pact, and ordered the massacre of hundreds of communists in Shanghai.

Forced from their urban bastions in the big cities, the Communists began their epic long march in 1934, 10000 activists surviving a march of as many kilometres into the north of the country.

But in 1937 Japan, which had already seized Manchuria six years earlier, decided to go to war with China. Faced with this external threat, the alliance was reformed.

The alliance split apart once again with the defeat of Japan in 1945. The KMT with Chiang Kai Shek at its head is supported by America, but despite the nationalist's military superiority, they lose the civil war because of internal divisions and rampant corruption that turns the people against them.

In April 1949 the Communists come down from the north and seize Nanking and Shanghai. Chiang Kai Shek and his troops flee to Formosa, later renamed Taiwan.

On October the first in Beijing Mao Tse Tung proclaims the People's Republic of China.

22 years later the Communists cap their victory with a diplomatic coup de grace; Taiwan is thrown out of the United Nations and the Republic takes its place, an unprecedented event.

The most recent clash between the two was on March the 14th this year, when China's parliament approved an anti-secession law. If what China calls the "rebel island" ever took a first step to independence, it would be stopped by force. Today the Communists are playing a more conciliatory card with their old KMT enemy, who themselves oppose secession.